16th February 2018

What has been included?


Dulce et Decorum


-What are images are presented in the text?Images that are that have created a picture is that the people/men are struggling to survive. The first paragraph of the poem is that the sentence “bent double” represents pain and the struggle and the men are injured. “Beggars under sacks knock-kneed, coughing like has” illustrates that the men are cold “under sacks” and sick coughing like hags”. Another image that is created is that men are struggling with the war; they are missing clothing which makes it harder for them. “limped on blood-shod” presents that the soldiers are limping on blood which could mean that they are walking on blood(someone else’s blood). “Drunk with fatigue” portrays an image that the men are tried and that they are walking like drunks however it does not sense happiness or having good time fatigue adds weakness. Overall I see an image of men trying to survive. The detailed sentences give us an idea of what it was like in WWI Sick, injured. Aged quickly. Cold etc. The word ”all” represents all people who describe all people who went through miserable


-What specific vocabulary has been chosen to add meaning to the text? Wilfred vividly depicts horrors of war with his the vocabulary and the language techniques that he added to his poem. “in all my dreams before my helpless sight, he plunges at me guttering, choking. Drowning”. This sentence adds the horrors that people go through, the use of choking and drowning adds a dramatic image to the poem. This shows the idea that war is not heroic, people are suffering which he also experienced it. Other sentences in the poem like ”If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs” and My friend, you will not tell will such high zest to children ardent for some desperate glory” This shows Wilfred beliefs as he proves that war is not heroic. The general public has a glamorised view of war. However, he wants to dissipate it since this poem is significantly detailed we get the idea that war is not great as a poem in such detailed we know that Wilfred has seen and been through a lot.

Language techniques

-Listing… In the poem, the technique of listing is used to build ideas to help understand the concept for the reader. In this case, the listing is used in the poem, e.g., “he plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning”. This helps us gain a better idea what is happening in the poem as many words help the poem to be more dramatic and builds a better understanding and image which can catch the readers attention.

-Emotive… language… In the poem, the technique emotive language stir an emotive language for example:”bent double, like old beggars under sacks, knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge” Thus sentence builds emotion. It helps us understand the hardship of war and struggles the soldiers went through which when we read we gain empathy and emotion which draws the readers attention and makes us want to read more.

-Simile… Smilie is used for attaching the characteristics of something to another. in this case, simile is used in the poem,”bent double like old beggers” this adds to the idea what the people we like in the war which results in strong emotion or in pain to be bent double your in pain and using it as simile/comparison “like old beggers” is presents the idea and add a better picture that the ”bent double” means pain.

Anthem for doomed youth

-What has been included vocab/words?

Anthem was used in the poem and conveys ideas about the poetry as that anthem means uplifting song where it could say the rise/uplifting for doomed youth since Wilfred believe that war is not heroic, and that war causes the deaths of young men. This creates an understanding for us since it’s in the title we know that Wilfred will be focusing on the negative aspects of war.



-What has been included Language technique?

Emotive language has been chosen to create strong emotions for the reader may from Wilfred perspective bringing awareness that war is not great and want the readers to feel empathy or gain a better understanding that war is nothing but negative “glimmers of goodbyes” the author uses emotive language to draw the readers attention and to help achieve a better understanding and what is taking place. In this case, the poem uses an emotive style which is all negative.



-What has been included Negative/positive images?

Contrary ideas have been used to create negative pictures like what passing bells” means their death meant nothing. This helps us understand that war was a brutal time ”can patter out their hast orisons” The poet conveys that war is harmful as he presents negative sentences which help us understand that people die however they have to keep going so they say their quick prayers than move on and hope that they survive. This creates essential questions for the reader like why did they die in such an awful way? And awareness of the reality of battle.



The poem ”exposure portrays the fate of soldiers.

”Our brains ache, in the merciless iced east winds that knife
us . . .”

”Watching, we hear the mad gusts tugging on the wire,
Like twitching agonies of men among its brambles.”

”Northward, incessantly, the flickering gunnery rumbles,
Far off, like a dull rumour of some other war.”

”We only know war lasts, rain soaks, and clouds sag stormy.”

”Dawn massing in the east her melancholy army
Attacks once more in ranks on shivering ranks of grey,
But nothing happens.”

”Less deadly than the air that shudders black with snow,”

”With sidelong flowing flakes that flock,”

”We watch them wandering up and down the winds

”Pale flakes with fingering stealth come feeling for our faces—”

”So we drowse, sun-dozed,
Littered with blossoms trickling where the blackbird fusses.”

”Tonight, this frost will fasten on this mud and us,
Shrivelling many hands, and puckering foreheads crisp.”

”All their eyes are ice,
But nothing happens.”

Exposure portrays the Fate of the soldiers. It raises our awareness of the weather conditions that the soldiers had to go through which they struggled and suffered. The use of personification is used to emphasised the weather details. For example ”Our brains ache, in the merciless iced east winds that knife us . . .” This explains what the environment was like, the use iced east winds and our brains ache show us the idea that it was cold and the men not only suffered from the battle condition but also weather conditions. He also use the sentence ”Watching; we hear the mad gusts tugging on the wire, Like twitching agonies of men among its brambles.

Why have specific language techniques been chosen?

Repetition- ‘’but nothing happens’’ it is used in the poem to emphasize the feeling and the idea. In this case, repetition is used in the poem to convey


Personification-’’pale flakes with fingering stealth come feeling for our faces’’ The personification is used to add more depth and understanding. It helps to relate ideas and objects to people. The authors use this technique to convey his meaning more effectively. In this case, it is used to describe that the soldiers are in miserable conditions. It is cold. Pale flakes are described as snowflakes but so cold they bring pain to peoples faces.


Emotive language- ‘’shivering many hands’’ Emotive word is used to persuade and engage the audience. This is used In the poem to tell us what the soldiers are going through. This helps us understand the weather conditions affected their body conditions. It used to show draw us in, so we feel empathy and receive a message what the author wants us to know

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